Treatment is aimed at controlling the pressure within the eye & to prevent damage to the optic nerve. There are two modalities by which pressure can be controlled.
- By Medicines OR
- By Surgery
Medical line of treatment : Glaucoma medications
A number of medications are currently in use to treat glaucoma. Glaucoma specialist at Yash Eye Hospital and Laser Center will prescribe a combination of medications or change your prescription over time to reduce side-effects or provide a more effective treatment.
Typically medications are intended to reduce elevated intraocular pressure and prevent damage to the optic nerve.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that can gradually steals your vision. Often, glaucoma has no symptoms and can suddenly result in vision loss. Without proper treatment, glaucoma can lead to blindness.
The good news is that with regular eye examination, early detection, and treatment, you can preserve your sight. It is important to carefully follow your medication regimen to continually preserve a healthy eye pressure and prevent vision loss.
Medical line of treatment has few advantages & disadvantages
Advantages: No operation, so no complications faced.
Disadvantages: Eye drops have to be put regularly & may have some side effects. This may lead to irregular use of drops, which will lead to increase in eye pressure & this will damage the optic nerve.
The type of surgery recommendation will depend on the type and severity of your glaucoma and the general health of your eye. Surgery can help lower pressure when medication is not sufficient, however it cannot reverse vision loss.
Filtering microsurgery to reduce intraocular pressure is called Trabeculectomy.
Surgical line of treatment has few advantages & disadvantages
Advantages: Can be done in any type of glaucoma, results are immediate, this is long lasting & medications usually are not needed afterward.
Disadvantages: It is costly, requires hospitalization & may have some complications like late infection & late failure.